Capital of Bangladesh
Dhaka, set beside the Buriganga River, is the capital of Bangladesh. It’s a hub for trade and culture, with a long history as a seat of government. In the 17th century, it was the Mughal capital of Bengal, and many palaces and mosques from that period remain. American architect Louis Kahn's National Parliament House complex typifies this fast-growing modern metropolis.
Area: 315 mi²
Weather: 87°F (31°C), Wind N at 7 mph (11 km/h), 48% Humidity
Local time: Saturday 10:55 AM
Population: 14.4 million (2013)
:: The Grand Architecture of Jatiyo Sangsad Bhaban (The National Assembly Building)
Located in the city of Dhaka, the National Assembly Building of Bangladesh, Jatiyo Sangsad Bhaban, stands out as an architectural masterpiece surrounded by water and beautifully landscaped gardens. Considered to be the largest legislative complex in the world, it is home to all of Bangladesh’s parliamentary activity. It is also a popular tourist attraction, which is enjoyed by locals and visitors alike. Jatiyo Sangsad Bhaban, including the residences for the members of parliament and layout of the lawns and lake, was created by gifted American architect Louis I. Khan. Construction was started by the Government of Pakistan in 1961 and the building was earmarked for the federal legislature of East and West Pakistan. However, after its completion on 28 January 1982, Jatiyo Sangsad Bhaban was used for the first time on 15th February 1982 as the venue for the eighth, and last, session of the second parliament of Bangladesh. Since then, this impressive complex has been used for the Bangladesh National Assembly.
:: Ahasan Manzil
Ahsan Manzil is one of the significant monuments of the country. It is a very attractive asset of Dhaka not only for its historic significance but mainly for its architectural and aesthetic values. It is also an epitome of the nation’s rich cultural heritage. Ahsan Manjil was built in 1872 and standing on the banks of the Buriganga River. It also has a museum in it and has become one of the most popular tourist attractions of old Dhaka City. Ahsan Manzil was established on a raised platform of 1 meter, the two-storied palace measures 125.4m by 28.75m. The height of the ground floor is 5 meters and that of the first floor 5.8 meters. There are porticos of the height of the ground floor, both on the northern and southern sides of the palace. An open spacious stairway has come down from the southern portico, extending up to the bank of the river through the front garden. There was once a fountain in the garden in front of the stairs, though it does not exist today. The spacious north and south verandas of both the floors rest on semicircular arches. The verandas and rooms are covered with marble. Paying a visit to this ancient palace will charm you very much and you feel like you went back to the time when the kings of that time and their associates still were there, and you can hear them, feel them and the ancient trend of this city and its history is transferred to you.
It is open 9 am – 5 pm from Saturday to Wednesday and 3-5 pm on Friday. Thursday is closed.
:: Natiional Memorial
Located at Savar, in the suburb of Dhaka city, is the National Memorial. It was built to commemorate the martyrs of the war of independence, Jahangirnagar University and its sprawling campus is also located nearby.
:: Central Shaheed Minar
The Jatiyo Shaheed Minar, meaning the National Martyrs’ Monument, was established to commemorate the martyrs killed during the Language Movement in 1952. On February 21, 1952, dozens of students and political activists were killed when the Pakistani police force opened fire on Bengali protesters who were demanding equal status to their native tongue, Bangla. The massacre occurred near Dhaka Medical College and Ramna Park in Dhaka. A makeshift monument was erected on February 23 by students of University of Dhaka and other educational institutions, but soon demolished on February 26 by the Pakistani police force. The Language Movement gained momentum and after a long struggle, Bangla was given equal status as Urdu. To commemorate the sacrificed souls, the Shaheed Minar was designed and built by Hamidur Rahman, a famous Bangladeshi sculptor. The monument stood until the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971, when it was demolished completely by the Pakistani Army during Operation Searchlight. After Bangladesh became independent, it was rebuilt. Today the Shaheed Minar is the center of various cultural activities in Dhaka. Every year, the Language Movement and the ones who sacrificed their lives for it are remembered with great passion at the monument.
:: Bangladesh National Museum
Bangladesh National Museum is situated at Shahbagh, Dhaka. It holds interesting collections including sculptures and paintings of the Hindu, Buddhist and Muslim periods as well as inscriptions of the Holy Quran in Arabic and Persian letters and Bengali works in the Arabic script. The museum also has a rich collection of old coins, metal images, books on art, silver filigree works etc. Though established in 1913, it was refurbished and opened in the year 1983. Your mind must be going to the old era when you visit this museum.
It’s open from Friday to Wednesday, 9 am to 6 pm
:: Armenian Church, Dhaka
The Armenian Church (also known as Armenian Apostolic Church of the Holy Resurrection) is a historically significant architectural monument situated in the Armanitola area of old Dhaka, Bangladesh. The church bears testimony to the existence of a significant Armenian community in the region in the 17th and 18th centuries.
:: Dhakeshwari Temple
Dhakeshwari Temple (11th Century) is situated at the place where the old part of Dhaka meets the new part. This is the oldest Hindu temple in Dhaka city. The name Dhakeshwari is also associated with the origin of the name Dhaka.
:: Lalbag Fort
Lalbagh Fort, previously known as Fort Aurangzeb, is an incomplete Mughal fortress, standing at the Buriganga River on the southwestern part of Dhaka. Its construction was commenced in 1678 by Prince Muhammad Azam during his 15-month long vice-royalty of Bengal, but before the work could complete, he was recalled by Aurangzeb. His successor, Shaista Khan, did not complete the work, though he stayed in Dhaka up to 1688. His daughter Iran Dukht, famously knon as Pari Bibi (Angel Lady) died here in 1684 and this led him to consider the fort to be ominous.
Lalbagh Fort is also the witness of the revolt of the native soldiers against the British during the Great Rebellion of 1857. As in the Red Fort in India, they were defeated by the force led by the East India Company. They and the soldiers who fled from Meerat were hanged to death at the Victoria Park. In 1858 the declaration of Queen Victoria of taking over the administrative control of India from the Company was read out at the Victoria Park, later renamed Bahadur Shah Park after the name of the last Mughal Emperor who led that greatest rebellion against then British Empire.
Layout of fort:
The fort was long considered to be a combination of three buildings:
1. The Mosque
2. The tomb of Pari Bibi
3.The Diwan-i-Aam, comprising of two gateways and a portion of the partly damaged fortification wall.
Recent excavations carried out by the Department of Archaeology of Bangladesh, however, they have revealed the existence of other structures, and it is now possible to have a more or less complete picture of the fort. In the present fort area of 18 acres (73,000 m²), excavations have revealed the remains of either 26 or 27 structures, with elaborate arrangements for water supply, sewerage, roof gardens, and fountains. Renovation work by the Archaeology Department has now put Lalbagh Fort in a much-improved shape, and it has now become an interesting spot for tourists and visitors. Mughals are no longer in the world, but visiting the places where they were, like Lalbagh Fort, reminds you of the might and grand they had, they lived in and they enjoyed. Visiting Lalbagh Fort will give you glimpse of that feeling.
:: National Zoo, Mirpur, Dhaka, Bangladesh
The biggest zoo in Bangladesh is the National Zoo at Mirpur in Dhaka. Established in 1974, the Dhaka Zoo has been developed and improved over the years and is easily the best zoo in Bangladesh. This is one of the most popular places in Dhaka for visiting, not only for the foreign people but also for the Bangladeshi people from all over the country. The Dhaka Zoo contains a large variety of native and non-native animals. Mammals at the zoo include elephant, panther, rhinoceros, zebra, waterbuck, otter, hyena, deer, giraffes, impala, black bear, tapir, hippo, lion and many different species of monkeys as well as chimpanzees and baboons. The majestic Royal Bengal Tigers are a highlight of the Dhaka Zoo which is one of the best attractions of this Zoo.
It is open 10 am to 5 pm, 7 days a week.
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has inaugurated the “grand musical dancing fountain” and amphitheatre at Hatirjheel, a popular recreational spot in Dhaka.She described the twin establishments as Bangla Nababarsha 1424 gifts to the city dwellers and the countrymen, reports BSS.The amphitheatre and the largest musical dancing fountain in South Asia, with a capacity of 2000, have been constructed over the water of Hatirjheel lake to give a facelift to the Hatirjheel project.Bangladesh Army’s Special Works Organisation (SWO-West) implemented the project with the patronisation of Housing and Public Works Ministry, Rajdhani Unnayan Katripakhya (Rajuk) and Dhaka Wasa.Inaugurating the two establishments through videoconferencing from Ganabhaban, the prime minister urged the people to keep the project area neat and clean.
:: Botanical Garden
Botanical Garden is situated in Mirpur just beside the National Zoo, built on an area of 205 acres of land. Botanical Garden has a very large variety of botanical riches – it contains approximately 50,000 plants and trees of 1200 species. Main attraction among all these varieties is the rose garden. It is open 7 days a week. If you go this garden, it is advisable to visit the National Zoo at the same time.
:: Star Mosque
Star Mosque is a beautiful mosque of the city, which is situated in Armanitola, Dhaka. It is a five-dome mosque with hundreds of big and small twinkling stars as surface decorations. The inside of it is even more beautiful than the outside, lovely mosaic floor and excellent tiles with many floral patterns set on the walls - all are in complete harmony.
:: Baitul Mukarram Mosque
Baitul Mukarram Mosque is situated at Purana Paltan, east of Bangladesh Secretariat and north of Dhaka Stadium. It is the largest mosque in the city, three storied and built after the pattern of the Kaba Sharif. It consists of costly decorations in the interior, long lawn, gardens and rows of fountains to the south and east. The mosque is on a very high platform and on the ground floor there is a shopping center. Dhaka is called the City of Mosques as it consists of thousands of mosques in it. Other notable mosques are the Seven Domed Mosque, Chawkbazar Mosque, Huseni Dalan Mosque and Mosque of Baba Adam.
:: Bhawal National Park
Bhawal National Park is in Gazipur district, 45 km far from Dhaka towards the north direction. It is a vast (1,600 acres) national recreational forest, jungles of Gajari trees are surrounded by a beautiful lake where you can enjoy boating and horse riding. It is a major tourist spot of the country, especially in the winter season, lots of picnic parties enjoy their day in this park. So, it is an attractive tourist spot as well, for the tourists from all over the world.
Another name of Sonargaon was “The City of Panam”. Goaldia Mosque and the Folklore Museum that houses artifacts from every cultural trait of the country increase the attractions of this place. At Jainal Abedin Museum in Sonargaon, you will find a lot of historic and archeological specimens. Among the ancient monuments, still intact ones are the Tomb of Sultan Ghiasuddin (1399-1409 A. D.), the shrines of Panjpirs and Shah Abdul Alia and a beautiful mosque in Goaldivillaae.
:: Jamuna Bridge
Jamuna Bridge, also known as Bangabandhu Bridge, is by far the largest andmost spectacular bridge in Bangladesh. It is treated as a tourist spot for the splendid structure it has, the beautiful costruction and of course the scenic beauty of the mighty river Jamuna. It is near Dhanbari Royal Resort, so when you visit the Resort, you can pay a visit to the bridge. This bridge is 4.8 km. long and it is the 11th largest bridge in the world. It is a real beauty at nights when sodium lightens the bridge. Some beautiful resorts have already been established near the bridge to attract tourists to this area.
:: Sadarghat Port
Dhaka Sadarghat, also called Sadarghat Port, the Dhaka City River Front, located in the southern part of Dhaka, on the river Buriganga, is one of the most dynamic places in Dhaka. Dhaka Sadarghat, also called Sadarghat Port, the Dhaka City River Front, located in the southern part of Dhaka, on the river Buriganga, is one of the most dynamic places in Dhaka. Here, the Sadarghat River Boat Terminal is one of the largest river ports in the world. About 300 large and small passenger river boats (motorized) depart and arrive with an average of 500 passengers every hour at the terminal every day. According to the officials at the terminal, 1,50,000 people, in average, use the terminal for departure and arrival every day. At this place hundreds of country boats laden with passengers and merchandise cross the river.
:: Birishiri & Durgapur_Exploring the scenic nothern border area of Bangladesh
The northern border area of Bangladesh has remained virtually untouched by tourism. Yet the beauty of the landscape framed by the Himalayan foothills and the ethnic diversity are well worth a journey. While the access and travel options are limited, the charm of traveling at a leisurely pace by local boat, rickshaw or on foot through the rural areas is an entirely different experience. With our program we combine visits to the most interesting sites with locally adequate travel modes, thereby allowing visitors a unique insight into the natural and cultural diversity of this region.
:: Lord Curzon Hall of Dhaka University
Curzon Hall meant to be a town hall, was named after Lord Curzon, the Viceroy of India, who laid its foundation in 1904. A year later Bengal was partitioned and Dhaka became the capital of the newly created province of East Bengal and Assam. Following the annulment of partition in 1911 it was used as a premise of Dhaka College, and after the establishment of Dhaka University in 1921, became part of the university's science section and continues as such. Laid out in a spacious and carefully maintained garden, this double storied brick building has a large central hall, lateral wings on the east and west with several rooms, and a continuous verandah on all sides. The Curzon Hall has attained a great significance in the history of the language movement. It was here, in 1948, the students of Dhaka University uttered their first refusal to accept Mohammed Ali Jinnah's declaration that Urdu alone would be the state language of the then Pakistan.
:: Gajni Parjatan Center
Gajni Parjatan Center, 220 km from Dhaka city, welcomes you with its tremendous natural beauty that includes hills, lakes, forest and birds. It is a natural resort where you can enjoy the tribal life of some of the tribes of this country. The aesthetics are really attractive here, you can enjoy the lake and boating on it and the beautiful waterfall. You can also notice some of the elephants on the forest areas if you are lucky enough.